Probably no other ancient civilization ever caused
so much intrigue and interest in the modern
world as did the Ancient Egyptian Civilization!
During the Middle Ages and Renaissance Era,
European scholars knew about Egypt only from the
descriptions in Bible and some vague details
from the Classical Greek works, such as
Herodotus' History. Some travelers and
monks from the West DID visit Egypt during the
17/18th centuries and give their details of a
mysterious land full of gigantic ruins. Many
describe the Coptic Monasteries, the Great
Pyramid (they thought it to be an ancient
Christian Fortress, or Joseph's Granaries!), the
Colossi of Memnon (misnomer by the later
Greeks!), the half-buried Sphinx, and so on.
Their stories were published back in Europe.
They were, however, filled with travel details
and manipulative history of the ruins they
Napoléoen Bonaparte on his way to glory
through the St. Bernard Pass
real archaeological study of Ancient Egypt began
with the growing influence of Napoléon Bonaparte
in France in 1795. The ambitious General started
launching wars not only against his European
Imperial neighbors, but he stretched his hands
over the Levant and Eastern Mediterranean as
well. Devastating the Mameluke army of the
Egyptian Generals Murad Bey and Ibrahim Bey in
the Battle of the Pyramids at Giza plateau,
Napoléon took over the control of Lower Egypt.
But he was soon cut off from France by Nelson's
British army after his defeat in the Battle of